Newsletter | February 2018
Dear CPC friends and colleagues:
The 28 short days of February have nearly slipped by, but as you will see below, we still managed to fill each day with new learning around child protection and family welfare.  One of our highlights of the month was participating in the Solutions Summit to end violence against children, co-hosted by the End Violence Global Partnership, the WeProtect Global Alliance, and the Government of Sweden.  It was inspiring to see high-level commitment from a growing number of countries to end violence against children as quickly as possible.

We currently have a short, anonymous survey live for you to provide feedback to the CPC Learning Network; we hope that, if you have not already done so, you might take five minutes to share your ideas for how we can improve our work before March 5.  We are also seeking feedback on future directions, so this is one opportunity to share your ideas on what we should collectively tackle next!

As always, feel free to send us any updates to share with the network.
Mark Canavera, co-Director
Publications from CPC Learning Network faculty affiliates
Article: Safety, trust, and disclosure - A qualitative examination of violence against refugee adolescents in Kiziba Camp, Rwanda
Refugee adolescents face increased vulnerability to child protection risks including abuse, neglect, violence, and exploitation. This qualitative study, published in Social Science & Medicine by CPC research associate Laura Bermudez, faculty affiliate Sarah Meyer, director Lindsay Stark and colleagues, examined the nature of violence against adolescents in Kiziba Camp, Rwanda. The study used an ecological framework to analyze the factors that influence protection risks and abuse disclosure across multiple system levels. In order to understand these issues more comprehensively, a transgenerational inquiry sought perceptions from both adolescents and their caregivers. Findings suggest that child protection efforts should be multi-faceted and address: structural aspects of risk; household levels of communication and trust; and societal norms that deter abuse reporting. The study also underscores the need for further research on risk and protective factors in camp settings to better tailor interventions aiming to reduce violence against children.
Read the article here, or contact the corresponding author here.
Report: Keeping Children in Sri Lanka Safe and Empowered Online - A study on Sri Lanka's digital landscape
A landmark study on Sri Lanka's digital landscape and the online safety of children and adolescents was completed and launched on the 6th of February 2018, to mark Safer Internet Day 2018. Commissioned by UNICEF, the study was the first of its kind in Sri Lanka and was conducted by the Institute for Participatory Interaction in Development (IPID), which is the host organization for CPC Learning Network in Sri Lanka.  The findings from this pivotal study will provide information to help strengthen policy in this important area, which will hopefully lead to a safer online environment for children and young people in Sri Lanka. 
Read the report here, or contact CPC Sri Lanka coordinator Lisa Hausotter Udawatte here.
Read the press release here
Article: Local constructions of gender-based violence amongst IDPs in northern Uganda - Analysis of archival data collected using a gender- and age-segmented participatory ranking methodology
Gender-based violence (GBV) is a significant problem in conflict-affected settings. Understanding local constructions of such violence is crucial to developing preventive and responsive interventions to address this issue. This article, published in BMC Conflict and Health by CPC faculty affiliate Alastair Ager, director Lindsay Stark and colleagues, reports on a secondary analysis of archived data collected as part of formative qualitative work – using a group participatory ranking methodology (PRM) – informing research on the prevalence of GBV amongst internally displaced people (IDPs) in northern Uganda in 2006. Structured participatory methods elicited discussions of problems facing women in the camps, consensus ranking of their importance, and narrative accounts explaining these judgements. GBV was acknowledged as a significant threat, and PRM appears to offer an efficient means of identifying local constructions of prevailing challenges in a manner that can inform programming. 
Read the article here, or contact the corresponding author here.
Articles and Reports from Partner Organizations
Research Brief: Child Outcomes of Cash Transfer Programming
Humanitarian emergencies are increasing in both frequency and duration. It is evident that children bear the brunt of these situations and that these experiences have long-lasting effects on their development and future. Given the pressing need for humanitarian and development assistance, it is vital to have a clear understanding of what interventions have the greatest impact. Save the Children released a research brief of a systematic review on the child outcomes of cash transfer programming with evidence gap maps, a list of studies included, and a summary of findings. The brief includes evidence from both humanitarian and non-humanitarian contexts. 
Access research brief here
Article: Parenting for Lifelong Health - A pragmatic cluster randomized controlled trial of a non-commercialized parenting program for adolescents and their families in South Africa
This article in BMJ Global Health highlights the Parenting for Lifelong Health Sinovuyo Caring Families Program, supported by the World Health Organization and the South African government, which is a culturally-relevant, evidence-informed, low-cost intervention for parents of 10- to 18-year-old adolescents to reduce child behavior problems, reduce harsh parenting, and increase positive parenting. The cluster randomized controlled trial was conducted with 1100 participants across 40 townships and villages in South Africa. Families taking part in the program had lower rates of violence against teenagers, better family relationships, better planning by families to protect teenagers from abuse in the community, and less alcohol and drug use by both caregivers and teenagers. Caregivers who had taken part in the program were less depressed and less stressed by parenting and had more social support. Families who had taken part in the program were less likely to run out of money and food at the end of the month and had better budgeting and more savings. This parenting program shows promise for reducing violence and improving parenting and family functioning in low-resource settings.
Read the article here.
Op-Ed: "Reliable data can aid fight against Female Genital Mutilation" 
In this op-ed, researcher Jacinta Muteshi-Strachan argues for the importance of reliable data to help in having more candid and targeted discussions about female genital mutilation/cutting (FGM/C) and what needs to be done.  She demonstrates how Population Council is addressing important technical challenges in measuring trends in FGM/C and providing real-time evidence to inform interventions and policies to abandon the practice. New studies are shedding light on medicalization and shifting practices.  
 Read the op-ed here
Report: Tracking progress towards universal coverage for women's, children's, and adolescents' health
This new report from UNICEF, part of their Countdown to 2030 campaign, includes profiles on 81 countries which together account for 95% of maternal deaths and 90% of deaths among children under 5 worldwide. A dashboard developed by UNICEF and partners provides an interactive visualization of the data along the continuum of care. The report synthesizes data on the current situation and trends, and takes a critical look at how far the Countdown countries are from universal coverage for reproductive, maternal, newborn and child health, and nutrition.  
Access the report here.
Access the country profiles here
Article: Violence Against Children in South Africa - The Cost of Inaction to Society and the Economy 
Violence against children is known to have adverse health outcomes and to be a risk factor for unhealthy behavior and subsequent violence toward others. This article published in BMJ Global Health makes use of available statistics on violence against children in South Africa to model the cost of inaction. The costing exercise gives some useful economic arguments about all forms of violence against children and, more importantly, some concrete suggestions for how this problem should be addressed. While the article refers specifically to South Africa, the key issues should be of interest to those engaging on child protection and other related issues more broadly.
Read the article here.
Report: Ending legalized violence against children by 2030 
Ahead of the End Violence Solutions Summit in Stockholm, Sweden, on 14-15 February 2018, the Global Initiative to End All Corporal Punishment of Children prepared a special report tracking progress on ending corporal punishment of children in Pathfinding countries. These countries have committed to three to five years of accelerated action towards target 16.2 of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs): "end abuse, exploitation, trafficking and all forms of violence against and torture of children". 
Read the report here.
Article: The Presumption of Customary International Law - A Case Study of Child Statelessness
Child statelessness continues to be a global problem that evades easy solutions and demands better legal solutions. Historically, most authorities were reluctant to find that norms existed under customary international law governing child statelessness. However, as practice on child statelessness has developed, so too has practice on customary international law. This article by William Worster of the Hague University of Applied Sciences, published on the Social Science Research Network, undertakes a preliminary case study on customary international law rules governing child statelessness, specifically considering whether there is a presumption in favor of rules on point. 
Read the article here.
Brief: Public Policy Approaches to Violence Prevention - Proceedings of a Workshop
In response to the societal impacts and costs of violence, the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine held a workshop on December 1-2, 2016, with the aim of illuminating the ways in which violence prevention practitioners can effectively share their evidence-based research findings with policy makers in order to positively affect and amplify violence prevention efforts. The workshop explored this topic through three lenses: (1) economics and costing, (2) research and evidence, and (3) effective communications and messaging. This approach underscored the fact that violence prevention is a complex and multi-faceted issue that requires an "all hands on deck" interdisciplinary approach. This two-day workshop brought together a diverse group of experts from various domains and backgrounds to foster multi-sectors dialogues on the topic. The workshop rapporteurs have prepared this proceedings in brief as a factual summation of the session discussions. 
Read the brief here.
Opportunities to Learn and Share
Conference: 34th International Symposium on Child Abuse March 19-22, 2018
The National Children's Advocacy Center's International Symposium on Child Abuse is a premiere conference that provides expert training and numerous networking opportunities to professionals in the child maltreatment field, and is one of the few conferences that addresses all aspects of child maltreatment, including but not limited to physical abuse, sexual abuse, neglect, exposure to violence, poly-victimization, exploitation, intervention, trafficking, and prevention. The 34th International Symposium on Child Abuse offers more than 160 workshops with tracks that are designed specifically for Administration, Child Protective Services, Forensic Interviewing, Human Trafficking/Sexual Exploitation, Law Enforcement, Medical, Mental Health/Treatment, Prevention, Prosecution/Legal, Secondary Traumatic Stress, Victim Advocacy, and Youth-Serving Organizations. The conference will take place from March 19-22, 2018 in Huntsville, Alabama. 
Read more and register here
Online Training Course: Re-Thinking Gender in Social Development
This online training course by the World Bank Group (WBG) aims to prepare social development specialists, researchers, consultants and partners for their new roles in supporting the enforcement of the WBG's Gender Strategy in their operations--in particular, linking analysis, action, and outcomes to close the key gender gaps. This open learning course is self-paced and registration is required to enroll. 
Read more and enroll here.
Conference: World Congress on Justice for Children (UNESCO House – Paris, May 28-30, 2018)

Under the haut-patronage of the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), the World Congress on Justice for Children will be held from 28-30 May 2018. The title of the conference is "Strengthening Justice Systems for Children: Challenges, including Disengagement from Violent Extremism". It will address three major issues: 1) the global trend towards children's involvement in violent extremism and possible responses; 2) the need for more effective ways to reduce juvenile offending and recidivism; 3) how to improve protection mechanisms for vulnerable children, including early prevention. 

More information available here.

Professional Development Program: New Training Course Series on Refugees, IDPs, and Forced Migrants (Geneva/Kampala/Amman)
Protecting basic rights in humanitarian crises is a task fraught with multiple conceptual, ethical, legal, political, and operational challenges. To help unpack this complexity for humanitarian practitioners and policy professionals, Professionals in Humanitarian Assistance and Protection (PHAP) is launching its new training course series: the Advanced Professional Training on Displacement, Forced Migration, and International Law. In 2018, three editions of this new series will be organized in Geneva (16-20 April), Kampala (17-21 September), and Amman (11-15 November). Each edition consists of the Core Training on Refugees, IDPs, and Forced Migrants: Protection in Law and Practice (3.5 days) and the Issue Roundtables (1.5 days). 
Read more and register here
Call for Papers: What Works for Africa's Poorest Children? International Conference (September 10-12, 2018, Kampala, Uganda)
 UNICEF Uganda and partners are hosting a conference with aims to contribute to global efforts to end child poverty by generating key insights on practical actions, programs and social policy interventions that have made a tangible difference in the lives of Africa's poorest children. Submissions should be structured around the following themes: child poverty and deprivation; child-sensitive social protection; public finance for children; and child rights governance. The conference will take place in Kampala, Uganda from September 10-12, 2018. A carefully selected collection of papers from the conference will form the foundation of an edited book: What Works for Africa's Poorest Children? Social Policies and Programs for Children Living in Extreme Deprivation. The deadline for abstracts is March 30, 2018
More information available here.
Resource: Child Soldiers World Index 
Child Solders International recently launched the World Index to mark 18 years since the adoption of the Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on the involvement of children in armed conflict. The World Index draws together the most up-to-date data and analyses on the recruitment of children and their use in conflict worldwide, which continues to be a pressing global problem. The World Index provides child protection actors, policy-makers, advocates, researchers, journalists, experts and donors with the essential information they need to do their work effectively both nationally and internationally. Collectively, the material it contains helps to identify trends and gaps, promote best practices, support research and advocacy efforts, inform policy decisions and hold states accountable.  
Access the index here.
App: Children and Armed Conflict
Watchlist on Children and Armed Conflict is an NGO network that monitors and reports on violations against the rights of children in specific situations of armed conflict. Watchlist launched a Smartphone App on Children and Armed Conflict which has everything you need to know about children and armed conflict. The app is free and available in English, French, and Arabic.
Download it here.
Degree Program: Master of Science Degree in Population and Family Health
The Heilbrunn Department of Population and Family Health (PopFam) at Columbia University's Mailman School of Public Health is accepting applications for its Master of Science degree. PopFam has a distinguished history of leading groundbreaking implementation science, research, and practice to address ongoing public health challenges. The new Master of Science degree is designed to be flexible, tailored to the needs of domestic and international working professionals that aim to develop and refine their skills related to key concentration areas, such as maternal and child health; sexuality; sexual and reproductive health; forced migration and humanitarian assistance; and research methods. The application deadline for Fall 2018 is April 1, 2018
Learn more and apply here
Child Trends: Research Analyst - Child Welfare
Child Trends invites applications for a Research Analyst position for quantitative aspects of research projects involving vulnerable families, including families with experience in the child welfare and criminal justice systems. The analyst will: take part in the creation and development of new projects; prepare research designs and protocols; oversee and participate in data collection activities; and take a lead role in analysis and writing. The analyst will join the Child Welfare area, which focuses on issues such as prevention of maltreatment, reunification, child protection, court oversight, foster care, kinship care, adoption, and youth leaving foster care. Applications are accepted on a rolling basis!
Learn more about the position and apply here.  
War Child Holland: Head of Programs (Occupied Palestinian Territory)
War Child Holland is seeking a strategic thinker with a strong track record in program design and grant writing to lead their programs in occupied Palestinian territory. Head of Programs is responsible for developing War Child's strategic program for the occupied Palestinian Territory, in alignment with the War child Global Strategy and close consultation with the Country Director. Responsibilities of this position include program designing, proposal writing and fundraising, monitoring and guiding overall program progress, and co-creating learning and development trajectories with War Child and partners. The position is based in East Jerusalem with frequent travel and the contract is for at least 1 year with the possibility of extension. 
Learn more about the position and apply here.  
ActionAid International: Monitoring, Evaluation, Learning and Research
ActionAid International is seeking a qualified Monitoring, Evaluation, Learning and Research Coordinator. The position will have overall responsibility to lead on the coordination of the Monitoring, Evaluation, Learning and Research components of a Norad-funded, multi-country project which aims to ensure increased financing of quality, inclusive public education for girls and other marginalized children in Mozambique, Nigeria, Tanzania and Malawi. Working in close collaboration with the International Project Coordinator, the Campaigns Assistant, and key project staff in each of the focus countries. The deadline for applications has been extended to March 4, 2018.  
Learn more about the position and apply here.  
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