Education News for December 2020 

Battle of Stones River

This source is an illustration of the Battle of Stones River during the American Civil War.  It depicts Federal troops under the command of General William Rosecrans fighting against Confederate troops under General Braxton Bragg.  A Union column marches toward the action, and a battery of cannon fires on Confederate troops as they charge.  This battle took place from December 31, 1862, to January 2, 1863. Of the American Civil War's major battles, Stones River had the highest percentage of casualties on both sides.   
Why is it significant? 
As 1862 ended, President Abraham Lincoln needed a Union victory. While the war, now in its second year, was going well for the Union, the defeat at Fredericksburg had been disappointing.  The Union forces needed a victory to bolster morale for the coming Emancipation Proclamation that would begin on January 1, 1863. The Union victory at Stones River meant that the Federal army had control of a large portion of Middle Tennessee. Union soldiers and contraband slaves immediately began construction of Fortress Rosecrans, which would supply the Union army for the remainder of the war.
More about the image
Kurz and Allison, the creator of this illustration, was a well-known Chicago firm specializing in colorful and dramatic chromolithograph prints of American historical events, such as those depicting battles of the American Civil War.  These prints were based on drawings and designs by Louis Kurz, who himself was a veteran of the Civil War.
Discussion Questions:
1) Both the Union and Confederate armies suffered tremendous casualties and losses.  How did those casualties impact the Union and Confederate armies?
2)  What do you think Louis Kurz envisioned when he designed the lithograph seen above? Is there bias in this illustration?
This source meets the 5.42, 8.62, and TN.29 Tennessee social studies standards.
For more primary sources about the Civil War, be sure to visit our website.

Tennessee Symbols, K-2nd Grade

This digital breakout explores Tennessee symbols such as our state flag, bird, wild animal, tree and much more. It will challenge your young students to explore primary and secondary sources in a fun and engaging way with the goal of breaking out.  
Click on the picture of the State Capitol or click on this section's title for access to this digital breakout.  Have fun breaking out! 
Find more digital breakouts here. Our staff is creating new games each month, so be sure to check back as we continue to release new breakouts this school year!
For more information about Tennessee state symbols, including State songs, State holidays and the State flag, click here.

Christmas Dinner 1917 - Company B 48th Inf. 

This primary source is a booklet of Christmas Dinner and its participants from Company B, 48th Infantry of the United States Army during World War I. At the time, Clarence M. Hendershott was a Corporal and his brother, Raymond, was a Private.  Both were originally from Ontario, New York.  The menu included soup, turkey, pork, dressing, vegetables, mince pie and cigars and cigarettes. The booklet also includes a roster of Company B.
This primary source is part of Over Here, Over There, a digital collection of World War I era manuscripts, artifacts, and photographs of items gathered from private collections of families across Tennessee.

Lesson Plans

Lesson plans created by Tennessee teachers utilizing primary sources from the Tennessee State Library and Archives are available digitally on our website. These lesson plans are linked to the current Tennessee curriculum standards. 
Lesson plans titled Civil War Battles in Tennessee are geared toward 4th, 5th and 8th grade instruction and meet the 4.345.42, 8.62, and 8.63 Tennessee social studies standards. Our primary source of the month, Battle of Stones River, and other Civil War battles are included in these lesson plans.  Click here to view Civil War lesson plans listed under grade-specific headings.
For more lesson plans on a variety of topics for 4th grade and above, visit our website.

Webinar Series

The Tennessee State Library and Archives education team is offering a professional development webinar series this school year.  See the topics below!   
Rockin' Around the Family Tree:  Genealogical Resources from the Tennessee State Library and Archives will take place on Dec. 10 at 4 p.m. CT / 5 p.m. ET.  This session will focus on how teachers and their students can start researching their family history.  We will discuss and other resources available through the Library and Archives. To register, visit our website!
African American History in Your Classroom:  A Panel Discussion will take place on Dec. 8 at 4 p.m. CT / 5 p.m. ET.  One of the Discover Tennessee partner organizations, the Tennessee State Museum, will present this webinar.  Join a panel of educators discussing the best ways to incorporate African American history into your classroom instruction.  Click here to register.

Tennessee Blue Book:  A History of Tennessee - Student Edition

Are you teaching Tennessee History this school year?  If so, check out the Tennessee Blue Book:  A History of Tennessee - Student Edition for student-friendly text, primary sources and assessment quizzes that tell the story of the great state of Tennessee!
Click here to check it out!
Note:  (Please email for quiz/discussion answer keys.) 

Heritage Quest

One of the many resources available in the Tennessee Electronic Library (TEL) is HeritageQuest Online. Here you will find a collection of genealogical and historical sources, with coverage dating back to the 1700s.  You can search U.S. Census records, full-text family and local history books, Revolutionary War records, Freedman's Bank records, and U.S. Congressional Serial Sets.  Click here to use the resource.

On This Day in History

December 18, 1862 - Battle at Lexington, TN (Forrest's Second Raid)
December 31, 1862 - Battle of Stones River began
December 6, 1865 - 13th Amendment of the U.S. Constitution is ratified by the required 27 of the then 36 states, abolishing slavery
December 7, 1941 - The Imperial Japanese Navy launched an attack on U.S. military bases and the Pacific Fleet at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii
December 8, 1941 - U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt delivers "Day of Infamy" speech to U.S. Congress a day after the bombing of Pearl Harbor
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Our mission is to exceed the expectations of our customers, the taxpayers, by operating at the highest levels of accuracy, cost-effectiveness and accountability in a customer-centered environment.
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