Responding to calls from investors, proxy advisory firms, and other stakeholders for companies to provide more information about their human capital management practices, the SEC has amended Regulation S-K, which details the information that public companies must include in their public federal securities law filings, requiring them to describe their human capital resources, including the human capital measures and objectives that the company focuses on in managing its business. This disclosure is required to the extent material to understanding the company’s business taken as a whole. The amendments are effective on November 9, 2020.
This Thoughtful Pay Alert summarizes this new human capital resources disclosure requirement and offers our preliminary thoughts on how companies may approach their initial disclosure.
The Disclosure Requirement
Before the amendments, the only required information related to human capital a company had to disclose was the total number of individuals it employed. The SEC now requires a company to describe its human capital resources (including the number of persons employed by the company) and any human capital measures or objectives that the company focuses on in managing the business (such as, depending on the nature of the company’s business and workforce, measures or objectives that address the development, attraction, and retention of personnel).
Neither the amendments, nor the SEC’s Adopting Release, however, define the term “human capital” nor prescribe the required form of disclosure. Rather, the amendments reflect a “principles-based” approach intended to give companies flexibility to determine what information is material to their current business circumstances and how to disclose it. While the SEC does not require the disclosure of any specific metrics, it has cited measures or objectives that address the attraction, development, and retention of personnel as examples of areas where disclosure (and related metrics) may be appropriate, but offers them simply as potentially relevant subjects.
Preparing for the New Disclosure
Given the limited time to prepare the new disclosure, we expect companies to move quickly over the next several months to get a firm grasp on their current human capital management policies and practices. This will likely involve looking at the human capital measures and objectives currently used in the management of the business and already publicly disclosed or reviewed internally with the Board. Close collaboration with the company’s human resources function to better understand how talent is managed and human capital matters are assessed internally will likely also be critical to enable a company to identify and prioritize the human capital objectives that are the key drivers of its performance and long-term value creation.
In terms of drafting the disclosure, in the absence of affirmative metrics from the SEC, we expect many companies will rely on private-sector standard setters (such as the Sustainability Accounting Standards Board (“SASB”) and the Global Reporting Initiative (“GRI”)) that have arisen to serve the demand for environmental, social, and governance (“ESG”) metrics for guidance. While each company will need to evaluate its own particular circumstances to identify its human capital resources and determine their materiality to an understanding of its business, some of the broad categories that we expect to receive consideration include the following: