1st Quarter 2017,  Volume 26   
Message from the Director
I hope everyone’s start to the New Year was good and wish you a great, safe, and healthy 2017. We have had a busy start to 2017 with several new partnerships we are engaging with and expanding to help existing partners, such as the U.S. Coast Guard, solve some new challenges.  We also had an extraordinarily successful use of our social media analysis tool in Washington D.C. during the inauguration. The start of the New Year has also been a time of transition. Our research scientist, Dr. Abish Malik, chief architect of VALET, cgSARVA, and influencer on several of our successful products, has left to lead a Purdue/VACCINE generated start-up, DaVista.  DaVista’s primary focus is developing technologies for public safety and law enforcement. We have also had several students graduate and move on in their career, including Dr. Junghoon Chae, one of our SMART tool architects, who will be developing visual analytic tools at Oakridge National Labs.  As you know, it is difficult to replace talented people, however, we were very fortunate to quickly recruit and hire a new research scientist, Jao Surakitbanharn.  Jao brings great experience in human factors engineering, infrastructure, and emergency response.  Highlights of our activities and transitions are below. 

VALET Used to Provide Data for Federal Grant Proposals in Evansville
Lieutenant Alan Yeager from the Evansville Police Department uses the Visualization and Law Enforcement Toolkit (VALET) on a daily basis to maintain situational awareness and enhance investigations. Additionally, Alan has used the date, geographic filters and heat maps to extract data from VALET to support federal grant proposals from his community.
“It is very easy to use and provides a lot of insight into crime patterns.  I have recently been involved in the committee to help oversee the new Promise Zone and am involved in the violent crime reduction part of it.  VALET helped greatly in isolating the crimes inside the area in question and also provide a heat map to readily see busy areas.  We are fortunate to have a good tool like this.”-Lieutenant Alan Yeager

Recent VALET Testing and Deployments
A version of VALET software is being modified and tested prior to a potential deployment at the Ohio State Highway Patrol. This software modification was significant for several reasons.  First, the requirement to process the data on a stand-alone device instead of deploying VALET to the server significantly slowed the computations.  Second, in order to overcome the slowed processing, the researchers implemented an incremental visualization strategy.  Third, and lastly, the source code had to be modified to read two data tables, Computer Aided Dispatch (CAD) and the OSHP Crash Database.  In past deployments, VALET only read a RMS table.  The result of overcoming these challenges will be a tool, VALET, that is more robust to large data sets and more versatile in various data set environments.
In addition to the testing of VALET at the Ohio State Highway Patrol, it was delivered to the North Olmsted Police Department for use.  In the first week of January, VACCINE Managing Director, Eugene Jones, and Research Scientist, Abish Malik, visited the North Olmstead Police Department to demonstrate VALET to representatives from the Rocky River PD and Westlake PD, as well as deliver VALET to the North Olmsted PD.  The owner of TAC Computer, a regional police department software supplier, was also present.  The interaction of TAC Computer will be critical to any downstream integration efforts or long-term software support.  
In the near future, VALET will be deployed at the Jeffersonville Police Department.  This deployment will likely be the last introduction of VALET under the current VACCINE COE establishment.  
Public Safety Coalition Luncheon
The first Public Safety Coalition Presentation and Luncheon of 2017 was held on Thursday, February 16 at 12pm on Purdue's Campus. The session focused on Video Surveillance Technologies, which included Video be on the Lookout (vBolo) and Continuous Analysis of Many Cameras (CAM2). This interaction provided an outstanding opportunity for VACCINE to update public safety personnel on the latest developments in our tools and technology. Additionally, it was a great forum for public safety officers to communicate their challenges to us and initiate dialogue for possible solutions. 
Thank you attendees and presenters! 
              Dr. Yung Lu (left), presenter of CAM2 and Dr. Ed Delp (right), presenter of vBOLO
                                     Public Safety Personnel attending the luncheon

 SMART Used During the Presidential Inauguration
SMART was very successfully used as a social media monitoring tool during the inauguration of President Trump on the 20th of January.  Command post watchstanders used SMART as a leading indicator of incident areas and potential disruptions through the use of key word filtering.  Based upon the initial indication provided by SMART, they conducted website searches of groups who planned to illegally disrupt the activities, monitored street CCTV , alerted other incident management teams and notified security personnel in the vicinity of potential activity. This deployment of SMART is exactly how the inventors envisioned that this tool would be used for public safety!
"The SMART tool proved to be a vital capability for law enforcement personnel during the 2017 Presidential Inauguration. It allowed federal law enforcement agencies to maintain situational awareness of all potentially nefarious activity and violent protests in the National Capital Region seeking to disrupt the Inauguration activities. SMART allowed the command post watch standers to quickly identify potential threats or groups of concern, analyze information, and expeditiously pass all information to various other federal partners and law enforcement operators in the field. This ultimately resulted in a heightened sense of awareness and vigilance by law enforcement, which was integral in maintaining strict security during such a high visibility event. This is an example of how SMART can be used as a vectoring tool to help law enforcement personnel focus their efforts and ensure maximum operational effectiveness in the most demanding of security environments."
—Incident Command Post Watchstander
Joint Continuing Education Webinar with START and AMU 
VACCINE and American Military University partnered with The National Consortium for the Study of Terrorism and Responses to Terrorism (START) in December 2016 for a webinar titled, “Harnessing the Power of TEVUS.”  Terrorism and Extremist Violence in the United States (TEVUS) Portal is a free, public-facing online interface and visualization tool that compiles behavioral, geographic, and temporal characteristics of extremist violence in the U.S. dating back to 1970.  This particular webinar focused on the use of a consumer drone by a terrorist to deliver explosive payloads. This was the 6th VACCINE sponsored Webinar in a series devoted to get people talking about problems, challenges, and solutions to keep our country safe.   It was the first continuing education webinar conducted jointly with another COE, but we would like to conduct additional joint webinars.  Let’s discuss some possible topics!

Trillion Project: European Union Public Safety
Dr. Patrikakis ‘Babis’ Charalampos visited Purdue’s campus on Thursday, December 18, 2016, through Friday, December 19, 2016, to present his research on European Union Public Safety topics. Babis is an Associate Professor in the Department of Electronics Engineering at Piraeus University of Applied Sciences in Greece. He began his two day visit to VACCINE with a presentation that described his law enforcement communications project, TRILLION.  Following the presentation, he met with Purdue faculty, students and Patrick Flannelly, Chief of Police at the Lafayette Police Department, to conduct demonstrations and to discuss topics of mutual interest and concern. Concluding Dr. Charalampos’ visit, VACCINE students demonstrated various tools such as the Visual Analytics Law Enforcement Toolkit (VALET), Social Media Analytics and Reporting Toolkit (SMART) and Gang Graffiti Analysis Recognition and Interpretation (GARI). 
Congratulations to... 
Dr. Delp is leading an international effort to help the military detect altered pictures and videos. This media forensics project is funded by the U.S. Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) and it is expected to take about four years to accomplish.  While four years may seem like a long time, several of the team members have emphasized the challenging nature of a detection capability that can process a huge volume of digital images quickly.
 “It’s a very ambitious program. We have plenty of work to do in four years. One of the things we are doing is bringing to bear a lot of important tools from signal and image processing, computer vision and machine learning.”
–Dr. Ed Delp
Former HS-STEM student, Dr. Shawn Mckay, who is part of the RAND staff assigned to  the new DHS Homeland Security Operational Analysis Center (HSOAC), graduated from Purdue University in 2010.  The HS-STEM program provided him the added level of achievement and experience necessary to secure a job at the RAND Corporation. 
At RAND, Dr. McKay has contributed and led research projects for many government agencies.  In particular, he was a part of the research team that assessed the validity of an airport security simulation for the TSA. Other research areas include bridging logistics and RAM (reliability and maintainability) regarding how the Army manages readiness and costs, quality management, cyber security, acquisition of autonomous technologies, and cyber security.  Dr. McKay’s research has been recognized at the highest levels within RAND as a two time recipient of the presidential bronze award. 

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